1GL Participants' Info

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Percussionist and ethnomusicologist Mustapha Tettey Addy was born into a

Ghanaian family of ritual drummers, ascending to the position of dadefoiakye

(“master drummer”) upon his Akon priest father’s death. He performed with the

Ghana Dance Ensemble while studying at the University of Ghana and toured

Western Europe during the late 60’s before settling in Düsseldorf, where he taught

at Die Werkstatt center for African arts, recorded numerous LPs for Germany’s WeltWunder

Records, and established his famed Ehimomo ensemble in 1974. Addy returned to West Africa

in 1982; formed his Obonu Drummers group in 1986; founded Ghana’s Academy of African

Music and Arts in 1988; recorded landmark album The Royal Drums of Ghana in 1991; received

the Ivory Coast’s prestigious Marché des Arts et Spectacles Africains honor in 1997; and

continues to tour and record with the Obonu Drummers.




By the time he was 20, reggae prodigy Horace Andy had already cut hit tracks for

Jamaica’s legendary Studio 1, tuning his alternately subtle and overpowering tenor to

some of second-generation reggae’s most innovative songwriting. After a tenure with

legendary dub producer Bunny Lee, Andy found greater creative autonomy with New

York producer Everton DaSilva, recording his seminal In the Light album – released

with a second LP of dub interpretations – in 1977. Horace Andy has since become something of a

collaborative mainstay, furnishing vocal backdrops for myriad projects including Massive Attack’s

trip-hop masterpieces Blue Lines (1991), Protection (1994) and Mezzanine (1998).




Despite competing for most of her career with her prolific older sister Lata

Mangeshkar, reigning Bollywood playback chanteuse Asha Bhosle emerged in the

mid-90’s as an equally adept Indipop star, a master of vocal versatility with the

ability to perform in a range of styles and languages. Classically trained by her

singer-actor father Dinanath Mangeshkar, Bhosle made her soundtrack debut in

1948’s Chunariya and broke into the sultry playback elite in the late 50’s as the top choice of

composers O.P Nayyar and S.D Burman. Future husband R.D Burman contemporized Bhosle’s

sound during the 70’s and 80’s, helping her earn the National Award for Best Singer for her

work in 1987’s Ijaazat. Bhosle proved her enduring relevance in 1997 with debut Indipop

album Jaanam Samjha Karo and through her inspiration of Cornershop’s homage single

“Brimful of Asha.”




Chameleonic singer, songwriter, actor and dancer Tim Booth has built James into

one of the most consistently surprising acts in contemporary British music. Booth

joined James in 1982 while studying drama at Manchester University, and the

group was instantly embraced and endorsed by post-punk icon Morrissey. Though

they experienced crossover success with “Sit Down” (1991) and “Laid” (1993),

Booth and James have remained rebellious and highly respected cult artists, enlisting Brian

Eno for James’ ambient worldbeat experiment Wah Wah (1994) and composer Angelo

Badalamenti for Booth’s solo outing Booth and the Bad Angel (1996). Tim Booth made his

professional acting debut in a 1998 production of Edward Bond’s controversial play Saved;

he regularly teaches shamanic dancing, and in 2001 he released James’ 11th original LP

Pleased to Meet You.




Indian classical music’s greatest flautist and ambassador, composer-performer

Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia has expanded the sonic possibilities of the North

Indian bamboo flute with his innovative blowing technique and incorporation of

alap and jor expositions. Like many other international musicians, Chaurasia

rejected patriarchal career edicts, studying flute under Pandit Bholanath despite

his wrestler father’s insistence that he take up the sport. Through his innumerable performances

and accolades, in India and abroad, Chaurasia has evangelized the North Indian bamboo flute,

making it an essential element of nearly any Indian classical music concert, and he continues

to tour internationally.




The daughter of West African percussionist Amadu Jah and Swedish artist Moki

Cherry, Neneh Cherry, as a solo artist, collaborator and band member, made

significant aesthetic and conceptual contributions to trip-hop, alternative rap,

pop and R&B. Popularly known for her international hit cover of “Buffalo Stance,”

Neneh Cherry is retroactively acknowledged as a formative influence on the 21st

Century’s most groundbreaking artists. Raised in New York City and Stockholm, Cherry performed

in punk and funk outfits before releasing her classic solo albums Raw Like Sushi (1989)

and Homebrew (1992) to critical and commercial acclaim. Cherry’s 1996 album Man featured

“7 Seconds,” her hit collaboration with Youssou N’Dour.




Stewart Copeland, formerly of prog-rock outfit Curved Air, used textured polyrhythmic

drumming to anchor The Police’s forays into reggae, punk, pop and world musics.

Seeming to perform in all the group’s modes simultaneously, Copeland enabled

their cross-genre experimentalism to cohere and thrive, contributing additional

songwriting to classic Police albums like 1979’s Regatta de Blanc. As a solo artist,

Copeland has focused on composing and film scoring. His credits include Oliver Stone’s Wall

Street (1987) and Talk Radio (1988), as well as the African rhythm pilgrammage The

Rhythmatist (1985).




A noted philanthropist, author and spiritual teacher, Ram Dass earned widespread

notoriety when, alongside Timothy Leary, Aldous Huxley and Allen Ginsberg, he

became involved in human consciousness experiments that researched the effects

of psychotropic substances. After his abrupt dismissal from Harvard University in

1963, Ram Dass continued his research under the auspices of private organizations,

ultimately traveling to India, where he studied under the spiritual teacher Neem Karoli Baba.

A practitioner of Hinduism, karma, yoga and Sufism, Ram Dass has written and lectured

internationally and founded a number of charitable organizations. His 1971 classic Be Here

Now sold over a million copies, and through the Seva and Hanuman foundations, Ram Dass

has addressed myriad spiritual and social causes.




Over the last 30-plus years, avant-God Brian Eno has revolutionized our conceptual

understanding of popular media without sacrificing its most fundamental aesthetic

exigencies or resorting to self-congratulatory navel gazing. After studying contemporary

composers in art school, Eno began toying with tape recorders, creating collagist

“signals” for performance art troupes and experimental rock bands. As a founding

member of glam superstars Roxy Music, he supplied electronic flourishes and keyboard

arrangements, and as a solo musician Eno is credited with inventing ambient music – a highly

impressionistic mix of sonic atmospherics he developed while recovering from a car crash in

1975 and immortalized on Discreet Music. Brian Eno has since lent his sublime vision to scores

of progressive pop masterpieces, including Talking Heads’ worldbeat opus Remain in Light

(1980) and U2’s The Joshua Tree (1987).




UK PR guru and futurist Lynne Franks is a formidable corporate watchdog and an

advocate for a dizzying array of human rights causes. Founding Lynne Franks PR in

1972, Franks built her business into the English voice for Tommy Hilfiger, Calvin

Klein, Swatch, and the British Labour Party, but sold her firm in 1992 to explore

the interaction between global economy and grassroots society. Upon returning,

Franks founded the UK’s first women’s radio station and worked on the Reebok Human Rights

music tour, the What Women Want festival, and Beijing’s UN Women’s Conference. Franks’

autobiography, Absolutely Now!: A Futurist’s Journey to Her Inner Truth, appeared in 1998, and

her second book, The SEED Handbook: The Feminine Way to Create Business (2000), is the

manifesto for her current Globalfusion communications consulting enterprise.




Oakland-born protest MC Michael Franti’s socially conscious lyricism is rivalled only

by the increasing complexity of his projects. The mixed-race child of white adoptive

parents, Franti joined avant-radical alt-funk-industrial act The Beatnigs while

attending USF on a basketball scholarship in 1986. Their first single “Television”

paid homage to poetic predecessor Gil Scott-Heron. In 1990 Franti formed The

Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy, lambasting gangsta rap’s misguided misogyny, homophobia,

and intolerance with 1992 debut Hypocrisy Is the Greatest Luxury, which led to collaborations

with Public Enemy, U2, Nirvana, and William S. Burroughs. Franti evolved yet again in 1994

with the activist R&B of Spearhead, whose 2001 release Stay Human couched its anti-government,

pro-personal message in a fictional community radio station’s vigil on behalf of a marijuanaprescribing

healer on death row.




Few images in the history of film are as visually or metaphorically potent as

Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda, the embodiment of counterculture, motorcycling

across a physically emancipated but spiritually repressed American countryside.

Where Easy Rider’s America seemed impossibly alien to Hopper’s version of personal

freedom and alternative morality, his values have since been codified in DIY art,

“outside-the-box” corporate practice, and thriving political idealism. Not surprisingly, Dennis

Hopper (b. 1936) is individuality’s greatest star and spokesman, the uncompromising artist and

personality who refused to submit to an untenable America, instead forcing a cultural assimilation

of his own prophetic ideals. Rebel Without a Cause (1955), Easy Rider (1969), Apocalypse Now

(1979), Blue Velvet (1986), Hoosiers (1986) – Hopper’s acting and directorial credits run a

stylistic gamut without betraying the singularity of character that is his greatest artistic asset.




London MC, DJ, and label entrepreneur Maxi Jazz was a significant evangelist of

the early-90’s jazz/hip-hop/dance fusion movement. Following his 1984 formation

of the Soul Food Café Sound System DJ collective and its attendant pirate radio

show, Maxi assembled the live-instrument acid-jazz Soul Food Café Band in 1990,

touring and collaborating with kindred spirits Jamiroquai, Soul II Soul, Jah

Wobble, and Galliano. Maxi’s greatest notoriety came with his membership in the seminal

London club act Faithless, in which he shared vocal duties with 1 Giant Leap co-founder Jamie

Catto and through which he became a devoted Nichiren Shoshu Buddhist. Maxi Jazz continues

to spread dancefloor enlightenment – sporting the MC epithet G.O.D. (Grand Oral Disseminator)

– most recently on Faithless’ 2001 LP Outrospective.




Born into the Fulani fisherman’s caste of Podor, Senegal, African pop superstar and

Grammy nominee Baaba Maal rose above his social rank to become the premier

artistic voice of Senegal, as well as a leading spokesman for African AIDS awareness

and the United Nations Development Program. First performing with the 70-piece

Asly Fouta collective while attending school in Dakar, Maal proceeded to tour

Africa with friend and guitarist Mansour Seck. He later studied at Paris’ Conservatoire des

Beaux Arts before returning to Senegal in the early 80’s to form Daande Lenol (“The Voice of

the People”), a warrior chant and indigenous worker music group. Baaba Maal continues to

hone his fusion of traditional African music and contemporary pop – most recently on 2001’s

Missing You (Mi Yeewnii) – without forsaking his role as the voice of a people.




The women of South Africa’s most accomplished vocal group, Mahotella Queens

(Hilda Tloubatla, Mildred Mangxola, Nobesuthu Mbadu), rose to local prominence

in 1964 as the backing singers for the late Simon “The Lion of Soweto” Mahlathini

and his grooving Makgona Tsohle Band, helping to originate the soulful mbaquanga

style, an afro-pop blend of Zulu music, South African jazz, and American R&B that

would serve as the sound of the populist resistance to apartheid. Rocketing to worldwide

renown with 1987 megahit “Kazet” from their Paris – Soweto release, the Queens and

Mahlathini collective set out on a 40-city 1990 US tour with Stevie Wonder and Sting. In

2000, Mahotella Queens were recognized with the World Music Expo Award for outstanding

contribution to world music, and a year later they released their most recent album, Sebai Bai.




A pioneer in the proliferation and performance of indigenous African musics, Pops

Mohamed has dedicated his musical life to the rediscovery of his continent’s cultural

heritage. A master of the Zimbabwean mbira (thumb piano) and the West African

kora (21-string harp), in addition to more traditional instruments, Mohamed has

notably recorded the Bushmen of the Kalahari desert, releasing the raw album

Pops Mohamed Presents the Bushmen of the Kalahari and fusing their sounds with contemporary

genres and studio artistry on 1999’s How Far Have We Come. A curator, performer and cultural

activist, Mohamed embodies the cross-cultural, preservationist spirit of 1 Giant Leap.




Stockton, California’s Grant Lee Phillips endured teenage stints as a juggler, stuntman,

drill press operator, ventriloquist, magician, and impersonator before hitting the

road for L.A., where he would form alt-Americana trio Grant Lee Buffalo. The rootsy,

bluegrass-meets-bullocks songcraft of their 1993 debut Fuzzy rendered Grant Lee

Buffalo an instant critical favorite, while ensuing folk-rock masterpieces earned

the group high-profile gigs opening for Paul Westerberg, Pearl Jam, R.E.M. and The Smashing

Pumpkins. One of the most credible and generally admired groups of the early 90’s roots-rock

revival, Grant Lee Buffalo outperformed the commercial mainstream, refusing to compromise

their ethereal aesthetic and slice-of-life lyricism to chase a fickle consumer market. Grant Lee

Phillips issued his acoustic solo debut Ladies’ Love Oracle in 2000, exploring minimalist

instrumentation with characteristic beauty and wit.




Glasgow native Eddi Reader has been a musical traveler, literally and figuratively,

for the better part of her life. After touring Europe with a roving circus, Reader

briefly became a session vocalist, collaborating with the Eurythmics, the

Waterboys and Gang of Four before developing her own platform with the doubleentendre

titled Fairground Attraction. Critical support propelled “Perfect” – from

Fairground Attraction’s 1992 debut First of a Million Kisses – to Number One in the UK, and

Reader went on to record a number of fine solo albums, including her 1994 self-titled major

label debut and 2001’s subtle, swirling Simple Soul.




North Carolina-born seriocomic Taoist author Tom Robbins is one of the most

important contemporary torchbearers of the American literary counterculture.

Stints with a travelling circus, Washington and Lee University’s journalism program,

the US Air Force in Korea, various US newspapers, and LSD preceded Robbins’ 1965

decision to settle in Washington State, where he set to work on first novel

Another Roadside Attraction (1971), detailing the exploitative display of Christ’s corpse at a

roadside zoo. Characterized by oblique, painstakingly crafted metaphors, the mingling of the

dramatic-sacred with the comic-profane, and the omnipresence of visionary characters, Robbins’

eight novels – including Even Cowgirls Get the Blues (1976), Skinny Legs and All (1990), Still

Life With Woodpecker (1994), and most recently Fierce Invalids Home from Hot Climates (2000)

– remain compulsory reading for the twenty-something soul searcher.




One of England’s most successful women, The Body Shop founder Anita Roddick is a

controversial critic of global industry and an advocate of the power of the individual

consumer; her career proves that entrepreneurship and ethical responsibility can

happily and lucratively co-exist. After developing the foundations of her grassroots

activism during 1960’s travels to Israel, Tahiti, Australia, South Pacific islands, and

South Africa, Roddick began manufacturing her own line of women’s cosmetics – using natural

methods learned from pre-industrial tribes – and opened the first Body Shop in Brighton in

1976. Though her progressive principles-before-profits approach was often belittled throughout

the 80’s, it has been retroactively recognized as the model for the eco-conscious corporation

of the 90’s and beyond. Roddick’s autobiography, Business as Unusual, appeared in 2000, and

at present The Body Shop serves over 84 million customers worldwide.




Renaissance woman Gabrielle Roth has devoted her professional career to teasing

out the interplay of entertainment and emotion. A renowned musician, director,

philosopher, writer and dancer, Roth teaches a unique communion of mind and

body, using physical ecstasy to catalyze spiritual bliss and vice-versa in an emotive

imitation of the life cycle’s natural rhythms. Alongside her husband Robert Ansell

and their Mirrors ensemble Roth has released 14 albums, including the genre-defining ambient

tribal work Totem, and two best-selling books, Maps to Ecstasy and Sweat Your Prayers.

Generically protean, Roth’s art continues to influence modes as diverse as trip-hop, new age

and progressive trance.




Peerless electric mandolin prodigy U.Shrinvas has transformed a relatively obscure

stringed instrument into a transcendent medium of musical expression. Born in

Andhra Pradesh, Shrinvas displayed innate prowess on his father’s mandolin at age

six, and under the guidance of Carnatic music teacher Subbaraju, displayed his

mastery at the Sri Thyagaraja Aradhana festival in Gudivada when he was just

nine. Developing his classical approach to the raga as he toured the world – including

showstopping sets at 1983’s West Berlin Jazz Festival and 1992’s Olympic Arts Festival –

Shrinvas inspired awe in all who heard him. Capturing his genius on a wealth of recordings

(most recently 2001’s Mandolin Magic), U.Shrinvas, who has received every significant Indian

musical honor, also administrates the Shrinvas Institute of World Musique and is a member of

John McLaughlin’s world-fusion group Shakti.




Though considered anachronistic at their inception, the Soweto String Quartet

has successfully woven strands of European-style classical music into the indigent

musical tapestry of their native South Africa. Precluded by apartheid from

membership in the National Symphony Orchestra, brothers Thami (violin) and

Reuben (cello) Khemese followed their sibling Sandile’s musical guidance upon his

1986 return from violin study in England, forming the Soweto String Quartet in 1989 with

childhood friend Makhosini Mnguni (viola). Initially criticized for their use of Eurocentric

instruments, the Quartet combined technical prowess with native African inflections to forge a

vital new style. Full vindication came with a performance at Nelson Mandela’s 1994 inauguration,

and their Best New Artist, Best Instrumental Performance, and Best Pop Album wins at the

1995 South African Music Awards for debut album Zebra Crossing.




One of the first and most successful “alternative” rappers, Speech imbued the hiphop

protest tradition with an unprecedented degree of literacy and nuance. Speech

spent most of his childhood in Ripley, Tennessee before moving to Atlanta to

study at the city’s Art Institute, where in 1988 he collaborated with classmate Tim

Barnwell to form Arrested Development. In 1992 their critical and commercial

masterpiece Three Years, Five Months and Two Days in the Life Of… earned two Grammy Awards,

fusing blues-inflected instrumentation, poetic lyricism and traditional hip-hop on crossover

hits like “Tennessee.” At a critical juncture in hip-hop, when more abrasive gangsta and hardcore

modes threatened to undermine rap as social protest, Speech galvanized a palatable yet

insistent forum for African-American unity.




Frontman to alt-rock troubadours R.E.M., Michael Stipe has evolved from a college

radio icon into a respected art patron and an advocate for socio-political concerns.

Founding R.E.M. in 1980 while studying visual art at the University of Georgia,

Stipe went on to dizzying musical success with early post-punk groundbreakers

Murmur (1983) and Reckoning (1984), and later, multi-platinum masterpieces

Document (1987), Out of Time (1991) and Automatic for the People (1992). Stipe’s C-Hundred

Film Corp (co-founded in 1987 with writer-director Jim McKay) produced music videos,

no-budget films, and an award-winning PSA series. In 1993 Stipe launched Single Cell

Productions to fund higher-profile films such as American Movie and Being John Malkovich.

Stipe is a visible supporter of environmental, animal rights, and voter awareness causes; he

recently released R.E.M.’s 13th original LP, 2001’s Reveal.




A student of music composition, devotee of jazz and new age recontextualization,

and onetime journeyman guitarist, Andy Summers is regarded as a pioneer of

instrumental texture and improvisation. Most famous for his late-70’s and early-

80’s work with British reggae-punkers The Police, Summers projected an uncanny

mix of showmanship and reserve, allowing his guitar parts to stand out from the

trio without undermining their trademark single-engine dynamic. Beginning in 1982, Summers

pursued a variety of solo projects, ultimately reinterpreting jazz greats Thelonius Monk and

Charles Mingus, respectively, on the most rewarding recordings of his career, 1999’s Green

Chimneys and 2000’s Peggy’s Blue Skylight.




Turntable exhibitionist, human analog recording medium, collagist punk-rocker:

these are some of the alter- and alter-alter-egos DJ Swamp might inhabit in a

single DJ set, his behavior as fluid and volatile as his musical progressions.

Indeed Swamp projects personality as DIY medium – a reflexive interpretation of

the turntable’s unlimited potential for recombination, reassembly, and above all,

mutability. For the last four years, Swamp has performed behind Beck, the world’s premier

pastiche artist, though as a solo performer he frequently uses pitch manipulation and real

effects pedals to approximate a full band sound, finding the relevance in seemingly passé

Black Sabbath and Journey tracks.




Though all are accomplished singers, composers, actresses, dancers, and teachers,

together the women of Ulali (Pura Fé Crescioni, Soni Moreno and Jennifer

Kreisberg) form contemporary music’s foremost First Nations female a capella

group, mixing far-ranging indigenous-American styles with gospel and blues.

Performing as a trio since 1987, Ulali enjoyed widespread renown for their

contributions to Robbie Robertson’s 1994 Music for The Native Americans documentary score,

later working with Indigo Girls (Shaming of the Sun) and Apache storyteller Dovie Thomason

(Lessons from the Animal People) in 1997, and performing on the soundtrack for 1998

Sundance Audience Award-winner Smoke Signals. Ulali have performed at Woodstock ‘94, the

‘96 Olympics, and Carnegie Hall, and are currently signed with Columbia Records’ jazz imprint

to record a Branford Marsalis-produced follow-up to their 1997 solo debut Mahk Jchi.




Indiana-born writer and humorist Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. is the author of 14 fiction

novels, including Cat’s Cradle (1963), Slaughterhouse Five (1969), and most recently

Timequake (1999). Though typically categorized as science fiction, Vonnegut’s

work is less concerned with alternate realms of time and space than with satirical

insight into humanity’s vast potential for good and evil, played out through modern

technology and seemingly random, often cruel causation. After studying biochemistry at

Cornell, Vonnegut enlisted in the US Army in 1943 and served in Europe before enrolling in the

M.A. Anthropology program at the University of Chicago in 1945. Vonnegut’s first published

novel, Player Piano (1952), was inspired by his late-40’s stint as a public relations man for

General Electric, while his most renowned work, Slaughterhouse Five, drew upon his firsthand

experience of the bombing of Dresden during WWII.




If one assesses pop relevance on the basis of album sales, Robbie Williams’ teen

outlet Take That was the most significant British band since The Beatles.

Ironically, and perhaps this attests to the inadvisability of such an approach, his

most creative and rewarding work has occurred since he departed the group in

1995. As a solo performer, Williams injected his pop with a necessary self-awareness,

and despite the debacle of his first single – a cover of George Michael’s “Freedom ‘90” – he

went on to release three excellent genre-hopping albums, including 1997’s Life Thru a Lens and

the US-only compilation The Ego Has Landed (1999).